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Einstein International Journal Organization(EIJO)

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JOURNALS ||
Seroprevalence and Associated Risk Factors for Seropositivity of Bovine Brucellosis at Wollega University Horro-Guduru Animal Breeding and Research Center

Author Names : Jirata Shiferaw1*, Alemayehu Fikadu2, Hika Waktole3  volume 1 issue 1
Article Overview

Abstract 

A cross-sectional study was carried out from November 2011 to March 2012 to determine the seroprevalence and associated risk factors for seropositivity of bovine brucellosis at Wollega University Horro-Guduru Animal Breeding and Research Center (WUHGABRC) in Horro-GuduruWollega Oromia Regional State. The study population comprised local (Horro) and cross (Horro-Jersy) breed. A total of 415 blood sample were collected from cattle above 1 year of age and were screened for brucella antibodies by Rose Bengal Plate Test (RBPT) and positive reactors were further tested by Complement Fixation Test (CFT). Out of 415 sera 4 (1%) were positive using RBPT. The positive sera were further confirmed using CFT in which 2 (0.5%) were positive. All positive sera were from female cattle. The results of current study revealed that seropositivity to bovine brucellosis was significantly higher in pregnant animals than non- pregnant (p<0.05). In contrast there was no statistically significant difference (p>0.05) in seroprevalence of bovine brucellosis between breeds, among different age groups and between sexes of study animals. Even though the prevalence of bovine brucellosis in the current study is low, it shouldn’t be ignored as nonexistent disease in the area where it may continue to become hazard to livestock industry and public consuming raw products of animal origin. Thus all peoples in general and high risk groups in particular need to be aware of zoonotic as well as economic importance of the disease, so as to adopt strategic control measures in order to reduce associated reproductive wastage and public health risk.

Keywords: Bovine Brucellosis, CFT, RBPT, WUHGABRC, Seroprevalence.

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